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Descriptive inventory for The Woodlawn Organization records, 1959-1973

The Woodlawn Organization records

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Descriptive inventory for The Woodlawn Organization records, 1959-1973

Prepared by Claudia Nickson, 2010; edited by Peter T. Alter and Rachel Juris, 2011.
Processed with funding provided by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
  
Please address questions to:
Chicago History Museum, Research Center
1601 North Clark Street
Chicago, IL 60614-6038
Web-site: http://libguides.chicagohistory.org/research
Catalog: http://chsmedia.org
E-mail: research@chicagohistory.org
Instructions for accessing this collection
  

Collection Overview +/-

Title: The Woodlawn Organization records, 1959-1973 (inclusive)
Creators: The Woodlawn Organization
Woodlawn Citizen's Committee on Urban Renewal (Chicago, Ill.)
Saul David Alinsky
Arthur M. Brazier
Blackstone Rangers
Chicago Model Cities Program
First Presbyterian Church (Chicago, Ill.)
Greater Woodlawn Pastors' Alliance (Chicago, Ill.)
Industrial Areas Foundation
Model Cities-Chicago Committee on Urban Opportunity
United States. Dept. of Housing and Urban Development
University of Chicago
Dates: 1959-1973 (inclusive)
Accession number: 2010.0014
Bib number: 00217744
Call number: MSS Lot W
Size: 5.25 linear feet (13 boxes)
Language of material:Collection is written in English.

Provenance statement:

Gift of John H. Fish (accession #: 2010.0014).

Terms governing use:

All rights owned by the donor, including copyright, were deeded to Chicago Historical Society. Copyright may be retained by the creators of items, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law, unless otherwise noted.

Restriction(s):

This collection is open for research use.

Please cite this collection as:

The Woodlawn Organization records (Chicago History Museum) plus a detailed description, date, and box/folder number of a specific item.

Additional Materials +/-

Related material:

Related materials at Chicago History Museum, Research Center, include publications by and about the Woodlawn Organization, cataloged separately.

Collection Summary +/-

Correspondence, minutes, financial records, reports, research materials, clippings, brochures, and other records of The Woodlawn Organization (TWO), a coalition of neighborhood and religious groups formed to improve the quality of life in the Woodlawn neighborhood of Chicago (Ill.). Topics include a proposal by the Schools Committee to start an experimental school district in East Woodlawn, funding from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development for the Chicago Model Cities Program, and job training programs for members of the Blackstone Rangers youth gang. Also present are materials related to allies of the TWO, including Saul Alinsky, the First Presbyterian Church, the Woodlawn Pastor's Association, and the Woodlawn Citizen's Committee on Urban Renewal.

Biographical/Historical Note +/-

The Woodlawn Organization (TWO), originally known as the Temporary Woodlawn Organization, is a coalition of neighborhood and religious formed to improve the quality of life in the Woodlawn neighborhood of Chicago (Ill.). The organization originated in the late 1950s in response to expansion plans by the University of Chicago; concerned that this and other urban renewal projects would result in the displacement of its low-income and predominantly African American population, Woodlawn clergy sought the aid of community organizer Saul Alinsky and the Industrial Areas Foundation to work towards racial, housing, economic, and education reform. The organization was formalized in 1961. It engaged in funding efforts, demonstrations, and public campaigns, and played a key role in maintaining peace in the city in 1967 when riots occurred across the nation. Methodologies employed by TWO sometimes engendered controversies, as in the case of involving gang members in job training programs.

Catalog Subject Headings +/-

Subjects:
African Americans--Illinois--Chicago--20th century
Blackstone Rangers (Chicago, Ill.)
Chicago Model Cities Program
Citizens' associations--Illinois--Chicago--20th century
Community development, Urban--Illinois--Chicago--20th century
Community organization--Illinois--Chicago--20th century
Education--Experimental methods--Illinois--Chicago
First Presbyterian Church (Chicago, Ill.)
Gangs--Illinois--Chicago--20th century
Greater Woodlawn Pastors' Alliance (Chicago, Ill.)
Industrial Areas Foundation
Model Cities-Chicago Committee on Urban Opportunity
Political activists--Illinois--Chicago--20th century
United States. Dept. of Housing and Urban Development
University of Chicago
Urban renewal--Illinois--Chicago--20th century
Woodlawn Citizen's Committee on Urban Renewal (Chicago, Ill.)
Woodlawn Organization--Archives
Youth--Employment--Illinois--Chicago
Genre/Form:
Brochures
Clippings
Correspondence
Financial records
Minutes
Reports
Research (document genres)
Geographic:
Chicago (Ill.)--Politics and government--20th century
Chicago (Ill.)--Race relations--20th century
Chicago (Ill.)--Social conditions--20th century
Woodlawn (Chicago, Ill.)

Organization and Arrangement of Collection +/-

The collection is arranged in seven series by topic.

Click on heading to view series description.

Series 1. Administrative and general materials, 1959-1973 (box 1-4)
Series 2. Greater Woodlawn Pastors' Alliance files, 1959-1968 (box 4-5)
Series 3. Urban renewal materials, 1963-1971 (box 5-7)
Series 4. Blackstone Rangers materials, 1966-1971 (box 7-8)
Series 5. Schools Committee materials, 1961-1970 (box 8-9)
Series 6. Other organizations, 1963-1971 (box 10-12)
Series 7. Publications, 1962-1969 (box 12-13)

About This Finding Aid +/-

Creation: Finding aid encoded by Mary Hynes using Oxygen editor, 2016.
Language: Finding aid is written in English.
Other Finding Aids: Finding aid also submitted to the Explore Chicago Collections portal.
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