Bronze medals issued in France shortly after John Brown's execution.
The obverse, or front of the medal depicts John Brown while the reverse bears the words: JOHN BROWN, NE A/TORRINGTON LE 9 MAI 1800. (John Brown, born in Torrington May 9, 1800) Reverse: inscription A LA MEMOIRE/DE/JOHN BROWN,/ASSASSINE JURIDIQUEMENT/A CHARLESTOWN, LE 2 DECEMBRE/1859./ET A CELLE ET DES SES FILS DE SES/ COMPAGNONS, MORTS VICTIMES DE/LEUR DEVOUEMENT A LA CAUSE/DE LA LIBERTE DES/NOIRS. (To the memory of John Brown, legally murdered in Charlestown on December 2, 1859. And to that of his sons and companions, dead victims of their devotion to the cause of black freedom.)
This medal documents how John Brown became a hero for staging a raid on the federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Virginia, in the hopes of causing a slave insurrection. Captured and tried for treason, Brown gained international renown for making eloquent statements condemning slavery at his trial. He was hung for treason on December 2, 1859.