Unframed Height: (30.25 ); Unframed Width: 63.5 cm (25 in)
Half length portrait. Sitter facing slightly right. She is wearing a black dress, with white lace collar. At the throat she wears a square brooch with pearls and pendants, matching earrings and a thin gold chain necklace.
Emanuel Mandel's widowed mother, Caroline, emigrated from Bavaria to Chicago around 1853. She brought her three young sons, Leon, Simon, and Emanuel, joining her oldest son, Solomon, who had preceded them. Caroline's portrait attests to her sons' financial success as the owners of Mandel Brothers department store but does not suggest a specifically Jewish identity; German Jews had adopted modern forms of dress in Europe and continued to do so in America. In her later years, Caroline supported many local Jewish charities. She died at the South Side home of her son Leon on June 11, 1894.