This spearhead was found 40 feet under the surface of a lake's bank in Barron County, Wisconsin. Most likely this chisled spearhead was attached to an atatl during hunting, which would increase the distance and accuracy of the kill. They used a variety of spear point styles and, as in the Middle Archaic, they were most frequently made from whatever useable stone was nearby. A stone weight added to the shaft of the atlatl served as a counterbalance during long hunts when the spear was engaged and was also a way of adding additional thrust. There are many types of atlatl weights during the Archaic period that probably represent different groups of people.
People of the Archaic Period hunted wild game such as deer, squirrel, rabbits, ducks, and geese. They lashed stone dart points to the end of a wooden spear, which could be thrown with an atlatl, a hooked stick that extended the hunter's throwing arm. Small dart points flew faster, further, and more accurately than larger points made during the earlier Paleo-Indian period.